Hammer Toes

Hammer Toes

What Is a Hammertoe?

A hammertoe is a bending of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth (little) toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop. Hammertoes usually start out as mild deformities and get progressively worse over time. In the earlier stages, hammertoes are flexible and the symptoms can often be managed with non-surgical, conservative measures by one of our podiatrists. But if left untreated, hammertoes can become more rigid and will not respond to non-surgical treatment.

Hammertoes are progressive – they don’t go away by themselves and usually they will get worse over time. However, not all cases are alike – some hammertoes progress more rapidly than others.

Common Causes

The most common cause of hammer toes is a muscle/tendon imbalance. This imbalance, which leads to a bending of the toe, results from mechanical (structural) changes in the foot that occur over time in some people.

Hammertoes may be aggravated by poor foot posture, shoes that don’t fit properly. A hammertoe may result if a toe is too long and is forced into a cramped position when a tight shoe is worn. Occasionally, hammertoe is the result of an earlier trauma to the toe. In some people, hammertoes are inherited.

Your Diagnosis

A thorough history and physical examination of your foot will be completed by one of our podiatrists. During the physical examination, your podiatrist will evaluate the cause and extent of the contracture of the toes and will correlate the findings with x- rays.

When Is Surgery Needed?

In some cases, usually when the hammertoe has become more rigid and painful, or when an open sore has developed, surgery is needed. In these cases, a referral to our Podiatric Surgeon, Ozan Amir may be required. Ozan will discuss the surgical options with you and determine which approach would be most beneficial for you. Ozan will take into consideration the extent of your deformity, the number of toes involved, your age, your activity level, and other factors.

Ozan will then select the procedure or combination of procedures for your particular case. The length of the recovery period will vary, depending on the procedure or procedures performed. Often patients with hammertoe have bunions or other foot deformities corrected at the same time.

Message Us

Get In touch below. Ask Any Question.

Call Us

1300 470 220

Office Location

1/135-137 High Street, Penrith, 2750

Open Hours

M-F: 8am - 6pm